U.S. Hedge Funds Betting Against Canadian Bank Stocks Again


Short interest in the big six Canadian banks has risen over the past two months, but the increase is primarily in the United States. The re-emergence of the “Great White Short” thesis has recently put downward pressure on bank valuations. “Remember that short-sellers profit from price declines by selling borrowed securities and repurchasing them at cheaper levels.

Royal Bank has seen the biggest change in short-interest positions on their shares listed in the United States. They have soared from 10 million in December 2014 to 25 million in February 2015 according to http://www.nasdaq.com/symbol/ry/short-interest

Canadian bank stocks usually outperform the overall Toronto Stock Exchange but they have had a really bad start for 2015. Investors are worried about potential loan losses from the oil patch plus a possible downturn in the Canadian housing market. Part of the downturn in bank shares in 2015 was also due to the Bank of Canada’s unexpected Jan. 21 decision to cut its overnight lending rate. Lower rates reduce profit margins on bank loans and lines of credit.

The chart below is the year to date price movement of the equal weight bank ETF from BMO (ZEB) compared to the Toronto index ETF (XIC)



Keep in mind that bets against Canadian banks haven’t worked in the past. U.S. investors in 2013 also shorted Canadian banks amid concerns that the country’s housing market may collapse.

The chart below represents the three-year price movements of ZEB compared to XIC



Why Hedge Funds Could Be Wrong Once Again

  • Recent bank earnings beat estimates
  • Canadian banks have very little competition, there are only six of them 
  • Large loan losses in the oil patch will not occur unless the price of oil stays below $50 a barrel for the next couple of years. (Oil sands break-even is around $47 a barrel.)
  • Canadian banks only lowered their prime lending rate by half of Bank of Canada’s rate cut of .25%
  • Three out of six Canadian banks have large U.S. investments which should off-set slower Canadian loan growth.
  • The lower Canadian dollar will boost profits from their U.S. investments
  • Investing in the oil patch or commodities are not very good alternatives for Canadian investors. (We love our bank stocks)
  • Banks are also a yield play with dividends averaging 4% because the Canadian 10 year bond yield is only 1.3%
  • The dividend tax credit gives Canadians an after tax return equal to interest income of 5.5%!

I found this news article worth sharing:

“Why investors should still show Canada’s big banks some love”

Article: by David Pett in the Financial Post


My favourite is TD  Bank which I sold back in November. It is currently on my watch list. TD has more branches in the U.S. than in Canada, plus they own discount broker Ameritrade.  A rise in U.S. interest rates, later in 2015, will improve the profit margins on TD’s loan business.

I am going to monitor the short interest and wait for their next quarter earnings report before I jump back in. If I am right, hedge funds could bid up TD’s stock price even higher when they cover their short positions!



For my Canadian readers, Monday March 2nd is the deadline for your RRSP contribution for filing your 2014 tax return.

Janet Yellen’s Testimony Has a Dovish Tone



dove hawk






Yellen’s remarks before the committee on Tuesday were generally perceived as dovish on interest rates, which helped push the Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500 to new records, and the Nasdaq Composite to its third-highest close ever.

She seems to be extraordinarily cautious. She talked about lagging indicators and that she’s not going to make a decision based on a short-term period of data. Janet Yellen‘s prepared statement also said U.S. labor markets have room for improvement, and low oil prices will be a significant benefit to the economy. The Fed also would like to be confident that inflation will rise to 2 percent before it raises rates.

According to CME Group data;” Fed funds futures are now pointing to the best chance of the first U.S. interest rate hike being in October. Futures now assign a 69 percent probability for October and a 48 percent probability to a rate hike in September.”

The markets are not worried about one rate increase but how fast will the Fed bring rates back to normal levels. An accelerated raise in rates could cause the U.S. economy to fall into another recession.

“Yellen has left herself an “enormous amount of flexibility,” Art Cashin, director of floor operations for UBS at the New York Stock Exchange, told “Squawk on the Street.” Cashin said he thinks there is a 50-50 chance that the Fed will raise rates this year.

The Federal Reserve has a duel mandate, controlling inflation and full employment. My gut tells me that the higher value of the U.S. dollar, lower gasoline prices and lack of wage growth will keep inflation below the 2% level. The employment numbers hide the fact that many Americans have stop looking for work and are no longer counted in the  figures. Plus many Americans are underemployed, they are forced to take lower paying jobs just to make ends meet.

I still don’t like bonds even in my retirement accounts. Bonds offer very little protection against inflation and the after tax return is negative when I take the money out of my retirement account. I believe that the bull market in bonds is over and I would rather buy good quality dividend paying stocks.

Two stocks on my watch list;

VERIZON (VZ) dividend yield 4.5%

AT&T (T) dividend yield 5.5%

In order to get a higher yield in the bond market, you would have to buy;

SPDR BARCLAYS HIGH YIELD BOND (JNK) dividend yield 5.9% (junk bonds)

The chart below illustrates a one year comparison:


Keep in mind that higher interest rates will have a negative affect on both these stocks and the bond ETF.

What do you think, is the bull market in bonds over?





Bond Yields Rise on a Possible Rate Hike


Testimony by Chair Janet Yellen before the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee is going to be closely watched this week. The two-day question and answer sessions may shed some light on future interest rate hikes. Fed watchers are split 50 / 50 on a possible quarter point rise in rates coming in June.

Why should Investors get nervous?

Long duration bonds will decrease the most in price in a raising rate environment. For example; The U.S. ten-year bond yield has already moved from 1.66% to 2.13%!

ten year
Dividend paying stocks in the utility and communication sectors will experience a decrease in value as investors move to the safety of short duration bonds. The chart below is the year to date price of the utility ETF (XLU)


Interest-rate Increases Have a Potential Spillover Effect

There is $9 trillion of debt owed in U.S. dollars by non-bank borrowers outside the United States. Higher borrowing costs for companies and governments, along with a stronger greenback, may add risks to an already-weak global recovery. A stronger greenback means a company or government needs even more local currency to repay debt if it lacks revenues in U.S. dollars.

Commodity prices which are denominated in U.S. dollars, have already fallen as the greenback has strengthened and demand has deteriorated. The economies of countries which rely heavily on exports of oil, iron ore, copper, gold and other commodities could slip into an economic recession. (Canada & Australia)

Mortgage rates would go up which is a drag on the housing market and will affect the stock prices of home builders and their suppliers.

Previous Cycle of Raising Interest Rates

From 2004 to 2006, the Fed raised its benchmark interest rate from 1% to 5.25%. During that stretch corporate bond yields in the U.S. surged from a than all-time low of 4.9% to as high as 6.9% in June 2006!

The S&P 500 was up 10.9% in 2004, 4.9% in 2005 and 15.9% in 2006 so raising rates are not necessarily bad for stock market returns.


I am by no means an expert but here is my 2 cents worth. I think that more data on the health of the U.S. economic is needed before a rate decision will be made. The 4th quarter growth in the U.S. was only 2.6% which isn’t exactly stellar. Consumer spending was negative for both Dec. & Jan. which could lead to weaker growth in the first quarter of 2015. The low price of cruel oil is deflationary and would get worse in an environment of raising interest rates.

The U.S. housing market hasn’t rebound enough to withstand higher mortgage rates. Housing is a big component of economic growth when you add in all the industries that rely on new housing construction. (lumber, appliances, furniture…etc). The U.S. dollar would increase in value even more which would reduce earnings of U.S. multi-national corporations and in turn would affect both job & wage growth.

If I had to guess, a small rate hike wouldn’t happen until sometime in the fall of 2015 however I do have some cash on the sidelines. The stock market could experience a 5% to 10% correction if the Fed signals this week that they will raise rates in June.

Hang on to your hats, the roller-coaster ride isn’t over yet!

Warren Buffett Dumps US$3.7 Billion Exxon Mobil Stake


I found this article somewhat shocking and that it was worth sharing.  Mr. Buffett usually holds on to a stock for the long-term. His purchase of Exxon Mobil Corp. was in the fall of 2013 and he sold it all by Dec 2014 which adds up to a one year hold.  Should small investors follow his lead?

Berkshire Hathaway sells Exxon stake but buys more Suncor and IBM

By Pete Evans, CBC News “The world’s most famous investor sold almost $4 billion US in shares in America’s largest oil company late last year, but increased his stake in Canada’s Suncor by four million shares, making the Calgary-based oil giant his largest single energy holding. Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc. revealed in regulatory filings Wednesday that the company sold off its roughly 41 million shares of Exxon Corp. in the fourth quarter of 2014, when oil prices were cratering. Buffett, whose strategy typically involves buying and holding stocks for years, if not decades, had only held the Exxon stake since the fall of 2013. Filings reveal he sold the entire stake to pocket some $3.9 billion some time during the fourth quarter of 2014.”

The one year chart below compares the two stocks with each other;


At first glance, Suncor’s share price is much more volatile than Exxon and seems to be correlated to the price of oil. Plus it has a big investment in the Canadian oil sands and many Americans have a negative perception towards oil sands production as dirty oil.

7 reasons why I am still a bear when it comes to investing in the oil patch

  1.  U.S. economic growth has averaged 2.3% a year since the recovery started in mid-2009. That’s about half the rate you might expect in a rebound from the deepest recession since the 1930s. Plus growth in China is slowing, growth is minimal in the euro zone and is negative in Japan. It’s clear that global oil demand is weak and might even decline.
  2. Russia and Venezuela find themselves in a conundrum. They desperately need the revenue from oil exports to service foreign debts and fund imports. Yet, the lower the price, the more oil they need to produce and export to earn the same number of dollars.
  3. Saudis have seen their past cutbacks result in market-share losses because other OPEC members end up cheating on their quotas. However, OPEC’s current refusal to cut production is due to the booming US shale oil which has been a major contributor to their market-share losses.
  4. Investors are too excited about the rig count decline and are misinterpreting what it actually means. Producers are getting rid of the least-productive rigs, and the best performing ones will probably keep working for a while.
  5. Energy companies have been reducing their capex spending but the cut backs are in areas that have expensive exploration costs.
  6. Spot prices are currently lower than futures prices, any oil price rally will prompt producers to hedge (i.e., sell in the futures market). This will delay any potential cuts to US production.
  7. Oil storage is still increasing and is weeks away from being full.  This oil is going to hit the market later this year and could depress the future price of oil.

Are you ready to follow Mr. Buffett into the oil patch? You could just buy Berkshire Hathaway  (BRK.B).

Be aware that due to the holiday on Monday, oil inventory numbers will come out on Thursday Feb 19th at 10:30 eastern standard time. Experts are predicting a build up of 3 million barrels.

The API Oil inventory build up came in at 14.3 million barrels!

Carl Icahn Values Apple at $1.3 Trillion



Most weekdays I eat my lunch in front of the T.V. watching CNBC “Fast Money Halftime Report”. This past week hedge fund manager Carl Icahn’s comments regarding his investment in “Apple” was discussed by the panel of trading experts. I like to get both the bull and bear side of a possible investment. The halftime report also keeps track of the trader’s opinions. They are not afraid to put a spot light on both the winner and the loser.

This article regarding Carl Icahn’s comments was posted on the CNBC web site which I found worth sharing.

Investor Carl Icahn said the market is undervaluing Apple and again urged the company to buy back more of its stock.

By David Lumb 

It’s been a huge week for Apple’s financials, as the company became the first in history to break $700 billion in market capitalization. But billionaire investor Carl Icahn says there’s a more realistic valuation that should bump up Apple’s stock price to value the company at $1.3 trillion.

As of this writing, Apple stock hovers around $125, the highest watermark in a trend of dramatic increase since its stock sold for under a dollar in April 2003. But in a letter to his Twitter followers, Icahn said a more realistic valuation would be 20 times Apple’s earnings per share metric (instead of its current valuation of 10 times), and including Apple’s $178 billion in cash reserves, Apple’s stock price should be $216 per share. Ergo, Apple would be valued at $1.3 trillion.

Icahn’s letter also proposes a model of an earnings per share growth of 20% per year—or 31%, if Apple introduces a rumored TV. Icahn again pushed Apple CEO Tim Cook to take advantage of this market undervaluation and have the company buy back shares of its stock. Icahn pushed Cook to increase Apple’s stock buyback program back in August 2013 when Apple stock was trading at just over $66, and again in October 2014 when Apple stock hit $100.

To be fair, Icahn isn’t Apple agnostic—his company is one of Apple’s 10 biggest shareholders, holding $6.5 billion in company stock.

The biggest danger in buying Apple shares is what happens to the stock price if Mr. Icahn decides that he is going to take profits and run? On the other hand, can hitching your investing wagon to a hedge fund manager’s wagon train be profitable?

Check out Icahn Enterprises L.P. which contains all his holdings and trades on NASDAQ ticker IEP. Current dividend yield is close to 6% but it has underperformed the S&P 500 over the past 12 months.



Looking at the 5 year chart below, Carl Icahn has had some bad years and some good years.


I am not a big fan of Carl Icahn nor do I think that buying back shares is the best use of company cash. I would prefer Apple to increase  its dividend. However, I have been trading Apple shares in my investment club account using option strategies to protect my members from the price volatility. I recently bought a small position in Apple shares personally. Why, do I believe that Apple could be a good long term investment?

“The U.S. government will begin accepting Apple Pay later this year, said Apple CEO Tim Cook.”

“The company is also exploring working Apple Pay into the credit and procurement cards issued to government employees for expenses.”

Interesting observations on oil prices this week:

Rig counts are down again this past week and oil futures were up again on Friday. Ask yourself, was the news on rig counts or short covering due to the U.S. long weekend that affect the oil price? Wednesday’s inventory numbers are still surprising the experts. They predicted a build-up of 3.75 million barrels of crude and the actual build-up was 4.87 million barrels. The big shocker was the big build-up of diesel fuel which came in at 1.98 million barrels and the experts had predicted only 200,000!

Would you buy Apple stock based on Carl Icahn valuation?

Disclaimer: This post is for discussion purposes only!

Money Saving Tip: Tax Preparation Software





I REALLY HATE over paying INCOME TAXES! For years I refused to spend money to help the government collect My Tax Dollars. In principal, the tax preparation software should be tax-deductible. (NOT in CANADA) I finally realized, trying to punish the government with having to sort through my mounds of paperwork was like “Cutting My Nose off to Spite My Face.” I was punishing myself more by spending hours and hours filing out tax schedules and forms. Imagine that I used to file seven paper returns for my immediate family plus help my friends with their returns. That is a lot of paperwork.

Accountants and tax preparers can charge exorbitant fees. Most people find filing their own tax returns very intimidating! The information that you need is on the CRA or IRA web sites, plus tax preparation software is almost idiot proof. Most software have a step by step instruction option that is really simple. All you have to do is answer questions and put a check mark in the box on all sources of income and tax-deductible items that apply to you. The step by step method also allows for filing joint returns.


  • It  is nearly impossible to miss a tax deduction, just slowly read each question
  • It offers tax saving tips, especially good for joint returns
  • It makes you aware of deductions that you may not have known were available
  • it even allows you to make corrections
  • Helps tax planning for future returns
  • Keeps track of unused deductions to be carried forward to future years, like capital gains losses
  • Allows you to set up direct deposit for your tax refund, you could get a refund in 10 days
  • Gives you the option to file on-line or print a paper return for mailing.


  • May not be worth the cost for low-income individuals or for going only one simple tax return

Just remember that even if you use a professional to file your business or personal return, you are still responsible for any filing mistakes. You are liable for all penalties and taxes owed.

A hard lesson that I learned about accountants:

Would you be surprised to learn that I fired my first accountant? He used to comply my business income statements and file my corporate income tax return. He failed to advise me on some tax saving strategies for my company and for me personally. The next two accountants that I used were bombarded with tax saving questions almost every time we got together. Over time, the list of questions got smaller but my tax savings got larger! If you don’t ask, accountants tend not to tell!

Disclaimer: Please do your own research on tax preparation software.




A recent article from FORBES:

FBI Investigates Tax Fraud Reports As TurboTax Denies It’s A Target

“As concerns about stolen data and tax identity fraud continue to mount, it’s clear that this isn’t an issue restricted to Minnesota. Or Utah. Or Connecticut. With that in mind, it’s no surprise that the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has reportedly opened an investigation into a potential computer data breach related to fraudulent tax returns filed with TurboTax software.”

Hedge Funds: Gambling by the Super Rich & How They Move Markets


Hedge funds are similar to mutual funds in that investments are pooled and professionally managed, but differ in that the fund has far more flexibility in its investment strategies. Fund managers use advanced investment strategies such as leveraged, long, short and derivative positions in both domestic and international markets with the goal of generating high returns. For the most part, hedge funds are unregulated because they cater to sophisticated investors.

The majority of investors in the fund must be accredited. That is, they must earn a minimum amount of money annually and have a net worth of more than $1 million, along with a significant amount of investment knowledge. They are open to a limited number of investors and require a very large initial minimum investment. Investments in hedge funds are illiquid as they often require investors keep their money in the fund for at least one year. Fund managers have a ridiculously high fee structure for taking big risks. A typical hedge fund has a two and twenty compensation package for performance. A flat 2% fee on total assets under management plus 20% on any profits earned by the fund. (Can you imagine getting a $200,000 bonus for increasing the value of a portfolio by million dollars)?


As a small investor, you should be aware that hedge funds have control of large pools of money. They can have a positive or negative effect on a stock and even an entire sector of the stock market. Here is an example: Carl Icahn made a huge investment in “Apple” shares. Carl put pressure on Tim Cook to spend some of its cash hoard to buy back shares boosting the share price. Very positive for the small investor who owned Apple shares

. hedge3hedge5

Carl Icahn had a very pubic battle with Bill Ackman, another hedge fund manager, over Herbalife. Bill was shorting the stock saying that it was a Ponzi scheme and Carl had the opposite view and was buying the stock


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Can you imagine making nearly a billion dollar bet that a stock is over valued? The battle between just two hedge fund managers can have catastrophic effects on your investments. The chart below illustrates a two-year battle on just one stock.



I believe that you should be aware that hedge funds are making both positive and negative bets causing extreme volatility. They can change directions very quickly making your winning position into a losing position in the blink of an eye. Another example:  GoPro Inc.  had a disappointing earnings report yesterday. According to the business media, 64% of the outstanding shares have been sold short. Hedge funds are betting that the stock is going to continue to fall in price



 . hedge1

There is no doubt in my mind that hedge funds are betting heavy in the oil sector. The opportunity to make huge profits resulting in big bonuses is far too tempting to play it safe.

“Twenty years ago, one bond-trading hedge fund grew from launch to over $100 billion in assets in less than three years. It saw yearly returns of over 40 percent. But by 1998, that firm was primed to expose America’s largest banks to more than $1 trillion in default risks. The demise of the firm, Long-Term Capital Management (LTCM), was swift and sudden. In less than one year, LTCM had lost $4.4 billion of its $4.7 billion in capital. “ The entire story is recounted in Roger Lowenstein’s book, When Genius Failed‘,

Would you be surprised to know that many pension plans invest some  money in hedge funds!

A Suckers Rally in the Oil Market?


My head is spinning with conflicting views regarding the oil markets. The business media is having a field day taking about oil prices. Mr. Oil Expert, has the price oil hit a bottom? Is it time to add oil stocks to your portfolio? YES because rig counts are going down, capital spending budgets have been cut and oil futures are pricing oil at the $60 a barrel for year-end.

The next interview is from another Oil Expert who answers the same questions with NO! Oil production hasn’t dropped yet, oil storage faculties will take another 10 weeks or more to fill up. Oil prices will continue to fall once all the storage faculties are full. The recent rally is based on hedge funds covering their short positions driving oil futures higher. Plus there are rumours that Saudi Arabia is using oil supply to put pressure on Russia to stop supporting the regime in Syria.

The price of oil has fallen back to $49.00 level today due mostly to an increase in oil inventories. The real head scratcher for me is oil rig counts are going down and capital spending on oil drilling has been cut, yet (oil drilling companies) Halliburton & Baker Hughes stock prices are up year to date.


Keep in mind if you plan to trade oil stocks that hedge funds and mutual fund managers tend to buy into a turnaround before it actually happens. I am still bearish and bought some put options on a Canadian oil company in my play money account. I also bought some Southwest Airlines for my investment club.

What do you think? Are you trading these big swings in oil stocks?



The ugly truth about Investing

Very good advise when it comes to investing! I really like the last comment!

There is virtually no accountability in the financial pundit arena. People who have been wrong about everything for years still draw crowds.


When someone takes short-term position in stocks and suffers loss, He will not book loss against it rather say I am a bloglong-term investor now.  The truth is saying “I’ll be greedy when others are fearful” is much easier than actually doing it.

Here are some more points from my previous posts ensuring why investors go wrong most of the time.

  • The gulf between a great company and a great investment can be extraordinary.
  • Not a single person in the world knows what the market will do in the short run. End of story.
  • The analyst who talks about his mistakes is the guy you want to listen to. Avoid the guy who doesn’t — his are much bigger.
  • You don’t understand a big bank’s balance sheet. The people running the place and their accountants don’t, either.

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